In the south-eastern district of Ulaanbaatar Bayanzurkh, surrounded by modern high-rise buildings, it is one of the most famous attractions of Mongolia – Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan Palace or Bogd Khan, a “living Buddha”, the head of the Mongolian Buddhist community. The structure is a magnificent architectural and cultural monument of the late 19th – early 20th centuries.
Construction of the palace complex was started in 1893 at the behest of Bogd Gegen VIII (the leader of the Mongolian Buddhist community) Dzhavdzandamba hutugta, the last chapter of the Buddhist community in the country, and lasted ten years. Many talented architects and engineers have contributed to the creation of the magnificent complex. Thanks to them, Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan looks refined and elegant both outside and inside. However, growing up from the ground palace, inside going great collection of Mongolian art, later graced the palace rooms.
The structure of the palace complex Bogd Gegen includes winter and summer palaces. Summer Palace is a wooden building in the Chinese style 1893-1903 biennium. The fault of the fragility of the material to the present day survived only the central part of the structure, which consists of seven temples. Winter residence was built later, in 1912, and designed by architects from her mighty Russia.
Foster Hall of the Palace of Bogd Gegen decorated chairs, received a gift from the Russian emperor and perform musical compositions everyone who sat in them.
Bogd Khan, who once served as the residence of the Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan, known for his love of unusual and interesting things: he is often called in at various shops, and especially fond of mechanical design. Local traders were well aware of his enthusiasm and tried to find the Bogd Khan’s new entertaining gizmos that he played enough plenty to be deposited with the palace servants. Thus the palace grew enormous collection, which today is kept in the Palace Museum, and includes more than 8 thousand. Pieces, including paintings on canvas and fabrics, sculptures, musical instruments, religious objects, thrones Khan and his wife, a variety of things that belonged to them, pieces of furniture and household. On the ground floor of the museum is the carriage Bogd Khan and in the left wing – wonderful yurt of leopard skins.
Entering the Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan, visitors enter the hall where Khan took pilgrims commoners. Next comes the Reception Hall, has adapted to meet the noble guests, lamas and officials. In this room you can see the chair, received a gift from the Russian emperor who performed songs everyone who sat in them. On the wall hangs a portrait of the first Bogd Gegen Zanabazar drawn last Bogd Gegen at age eight. On the second floor is a bedroom Bogd Khan.